PID: Risks of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease with the IUD

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To choose a contraceptive method we must analyze our needs and the characteristics of our body, and thus choose the most appropriate system. To do this, we must think about all the factors that can affect it, and among them is the possibility of suffering the side effects that all contraceptives inevitably entail to a greater or lesser extent.

The IUD is one of the safest and most effective methods of contraception, partly because it does not involve major health risks. It can be installed easily, does not require much maintenance and lasts for several years. On the other hand, one of the most common complications is suffering from pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).

Causes of suffering PID due to the IUD

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), also called salpingitis, occurs when the uterus and fallopian tubes become inflamed without a direct cause such as surgery or pregnancy. Its most common symptoms are abdominal pain, fever, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and other vaginal secretions. Watching for these symptoms is the best way to prevent the spread of PID.
  • Despite the fact that the incidence of PID with the IUD is not excessively high, it is necessary to pay attention to these symptoms, especially during the first month after the insertion of the IUD, which is when there is a greater risk of contracting it. It is especially important to do this review if there have been other risk factors such as previous infections or sexually transmitted diseases.
  • If the presence of EPI is confirmed, the doctor will apply a treatment of antibiotics, analgesics and rest. The IUD must be removed, and if the infection is widespread, surgery may be necessary, although it is only necessary in the most severe cases. In addition, to avoid the most serious sequelae, infertility and ectopic pregnancy, regular medical check-up and opt for other oral contraceptives is recommended.

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